State of Missouri
On the thirteenth day of November eighteen hundred and thirty-three there personally appeared in open court the Hon. John D. Cook, Judge of the Fourth Judicial Circuit in the State of Missouri, now sitting John Baptist Gough, a resident of the County of Perry in the State of Missouri, aged sixty-nine years, nine months, whom first being duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress, past June 7, 1832.
That he volunteered under John Grenoulds, St. Mary's County, State of Maryland, in the month of April in the year 1771, that he was called to guard the coast for the depredations of the British fleet, that he continued in that service for the space of six weeks, that said company commanded by John Grenoulds, was assembled at Leonardtown in St. Mary's County, and were marched from said Leonardtown to the banks of [the] Potomac and the Banks of Chesapeake Bay frequently during said six weeks for the purpose of aiding in the repelling of depredations, that during that period of six weeks the place of Capt. John Grenoulds was supplied occasionally by Bennit Coons [Combs?].
The Lieutenants of said Company were Clement Norris and John Heard, that he continued as a private in said company until about the 1st of June or July seventeen hundred and eighty-one, that of the time of entering the service under Capt. Grenoulds as aforesaid he was a resident of St. Mary's County in the State of Maryland, that, he being still a resident of St. Mary's County, Maryland.
About the middle of June or 1st of July, seventeen hundred and eighty-one this applicant was drafted with others at Leonardtown in the said county of St. Mary's, Maryland, for the purpose of marching to join the American army to oppose Lord Cornwallis, that this affiant when drafted was marched to a Company under the command of Nicholas Mangers and Lieutenant Bittes and Bonum[?] that a short time this affiant with the Company to which he belonged was marched to Annapolis in the state of Maryland which place said Company reached sometime in July 1781 and were attached to the Fourth Maryland Regiment under the command of Col. Adams and Major Beford.
That said Fourth Regiment, sometime in August, was marched for Little York in the state of Virginia where they arrived sometime in September seventeen hundred and eighty-one, and that this affiant in the company to which he belonged was present though not engaged when the British were driven in from Pigeon Hill fort, that from the commencement of the erections of fortifications, by the Americans, the Surrender of Lord Cornwallis to the American Arms, he the said John Baptist Gough, twenty-four hours on and twenty-four hours off duty during that period.
That he was present under arms when Lord Cornwallis marched over and delivered his sword to the American General Lincoln and that he saw it, that during the period of service as one of the said, he acted as a private of Capt. Mangers, that after the surrender of the British arms at Little York the said company under Capt. Mangers, still attached to said 4th Maryland Regiment, were attached to guard five hundred British, five hundred Hessians, and five hundred Highlander prisoners who surrendered at the said siege of York.
That said guard under was under the command of Col. or Maj. Williams that as one of said guard affiant marched wit[h] said prisoners to the Fredericksburg, Virginia where the company to which this affiant belonged was detained together with said regiments guarding said until the militia near Fredericksberg was caused to march said prisoners on to Winchester or Leesburg, Virginia, the place they were destined for.
That after said militia took charge of said prisoners, this affiant in the company to which he belongs, were marched back to Anapolis in the State of Maryland, and there having deposited their arms, were on or about the 22nd of December seventeen hundred and eighty-one, when the said company was discharged from Capt. Nicholas Mangers by certificate, which certificate this affiant has since lost, having been in service under Capt. Nicholas Mangers, the last from the middle of June to the 22nd of December being six months.
This affiant in addition to the above officers named, he recalled General Washington, General Lafayette, General Anthony Wayne, Baron Steuben, Engineer at the siege of York, and General Lincoln, and believes the Brigade to which the 4th Maryland regiment was attached was commanded by General Guest [?], that he has no documentary testimony by which he can prove his service, but can prove by the testimony of Joseph Manning and Zachariah Layton, who [are] residents in Perry County in the state of Missouri, that he entered the service as before stated.
1. Where and in what year were you born?
I was born in the parish of St. Andrew's in St. Mary's County in the state of Maryland on the 29th of February seventeen hundred and sixty-four.
2. Have you any record of your age?
I have none but my birth is registered in the parish of St. Andrew's in the County of St. Mary's in the state of Maryland.
3. Where were you living when called into service, where have you lived since the Revolutionary War, and where do you now live?
When called into service I was living in St. Mary's County, after the Revolutionary War I continued to reside in St. Mary's County, in the state of Maryland, in Washington County, Kentucky until 1787 where I remained until the year 1814, when I removed to Shelby County, Kentucky, when in the year 1825, the county of Shelby having been divided, I fell into the county of Spencer in said state where I continued to reside until April 1832, where I removed to Randolph County in the state of Illinois, where I remained until October 1833, and in October 1833, I moved to Perry County in the state of Missouri, which is my present residence.
4. How were you called into service, were you drafted, did you volunteer, or were you a substitute, and if a substitute, for whom?
In my first tour of six weeks under the command of Capt. Grenould and Capt. Bennett Coons, I was a volunteer during the tour of six months under the command of Capt. Nicholas Mangers. I was drafted, never a substitute.
5. State the names of some of the regular officers who were with the troops where you served, such continental and militia regiments, as you can recollect, and the general circumstances of your services.
General George Washington, General Lafayette, General Wayne, Baron Stenber, General Lincoln, General Guest, Major Williams, Col. Adams, Major Oxford; recalled the 4th Maryland Regimentation which I served to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Regiments of the Maryland Line; I was frequently marched during my six weeks' service to the banks of the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay, but in these expeditions was in no engagements though it was necessary to keep in arms with a view to detaining the British from landing or repelling the attempts of small parties of British when landed to commit depredations upon the property of the citizens; I was at the siege of York and assisted in taking that place and was present when Cornwallis surrendered.
6. Did you receive a discharge for your service and if so, by whom was it given and what has become of it?
I did receive a discharge from the service, by whom it was given to me I do not recollect, and it is now lost.
7. State the names of persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood, and who can testify as to your character for veracity and good behavior and services as a soldier of the Revolution.
Joseph Manning, Zachariah Layton, John Layton, and Bernard Layton hereby relinquish every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declare that my name is not on the pension roll of the army of any state. Sworn and subscribed to in open court, this 30th November 1833.
John Baptist Gough
Frederick C. Hase, Clerk
We Joseph Manning and Zachariah Layton, residents in the county of Perry in the state of Missouri, do hereby certify that we are well acquainted with John Baptist Gough, who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration, that we believe him to be sixty-nine years and nine months of age, and he is reported and believed to be in the neighborhood where he resided in St. Mary's County, and in Nelson County, Kentucky, to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion, that we were well acquainted with the said John Baptist Gough in St. Mary's County, Maryland, and of our own knowledge know that he entered the American Army aged to the best of their belief in June or July in 1781, and he returned about the 25th of December 1781, after the surrender of Lord Cornwallis.
Sworn and subscribed to in open court this 30th of November 1833.
Frederick C. Hase, Clerk
We, John Brands, a clergyman, residing in the county of Perry, and state of Missouri, and John Layton of the same county, do hereby certify that we are acquainted with John Baptist Gough who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration, that we believe him to be about 70 years of age, that he is reported and believed to be in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.
Sworn and subscribed to in open court this 30th November 1833
Frederick C. Hase, Clerk
And the said Circuit Court do here by declare their opinion after investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogatories described by the War Department that the above named applicant, a Revolutionary soldier, and served as he states. And the Court further certifies that it appears to them that John Brands, who has signed the preceding certificate, is a clergyman, resident of Perry County, and that John Layton who has Signed the same, and that Joseph Manning and Zachariah Layton, who has signed the preceding certificate, are all residents of Perry County in the state of Missouri are credible persons and that their statements are entitled to credit.
Given under my hand this 30th day of November 1833 in open court.
John C. Cook
To Frederick Hase, Clerk of the Circuit Court, for the County of Perry, 4th Judicial District in the state of Missouri, do hereby certify that the foregoing pages contain a true copy of the original proceedings in the matter of the application of John Baptist Gough for a pension, remaining on fill [file], in my Office together with the record of the proceedings thereon.
In testimony whereof I have here unto ... my hand and seal of office at Perryville in the county and state aforesaid this 30th day of December in the year of our Lord 1833.
Frederick C. Hase, Clerk
By James A. C. Hase, Deputy